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Sunday, July 26, 2020 | History

1 edition of Crop exploration and utilization of genetic resources found in the catalog.

Crop exploration and utilization of genetic resources

Crop exploration and utilization of genetic resources

proceedings of the international symposium, held at Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station, 6-12, December 1986

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  • 37 Currently reading

Published by Taiwan Provincial Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station in Changhua, Taiwan, R.O.C .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Crops -- Germplasm resources -- Congresses.,
  • Plant breeding -- Congresses.

  • Edition Notes

    Other titlesZuo wu yi chuan zi yuan zhi kai fa ji li yong.
    Statementedited by Sung-Ching Hsieh ; sponsored by Taiwan Provincial Department of Agricultural and Forestry, R.O.C., National Chung-Hsing University, R.O.C.
    GenreCongresses.
    SeriesSpecial publication / Taiwan Provincial Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station,, no. 8, Special publication (Taizhong qu nong ye gai liang chang) ;, no. 8.
    ContributionsXie, Shunjing., Taiwan. Nong lin ting., Guo li zhong xing da xue., International Symposium on Crop Exploration and Utilization of Genetic Resources (1986 : Taichung District Agricultural Improvement Station)
    Classifications
    LC ClassificationsSB123.3 .C75 1987
    The Physical Object
    Paginationii, 285 p. :
    Number of Pages285
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL2123626M
    LC Control Number88183100

    Crop genepool including its wild relatives in one basic unit; involves population structure, incompatibility barriers etc., crop germplasm includes landraces, primitive cultivars, introgressed forms, obsolete and promising plant genetic resources (genetic approach). toplast fusion. The fourth class of genetic resources, iso-lated genes, may derive from related or unrelated plant species, from animals or microorganisms. The import-ance of the different classes of genetic resources for crop improvement depends on the target crop species. In maize, for example, genetic variation in the primaryFile Size: KB.

    Exploration for collection of genetic resources of agricultural crops and their wild relatives: SP Ahlawat, KC Bhatt, Anjula Pandey, DP Semwal, RS Rathi, Soyimchiten, PK Malav, NS Panwar and OP Dhariwal: PGR/DPEGC-BUR-DEL Exploration for collection of genetic resources of horticultural crop species and their wild relatives.   Plant exploration: Plant exploration is the act of searching plants or plant parts for the purpose of discovery of information or resources about the plants. 4. Germplasm exploration & Collection Exploration and collection: This process takes into accounts six important items- 1) Sources of collection: i) Centre of diversity, ii) Gene banks.

    Molecular marker technology changed the landscape of crop genetic resources study and increased the efficiency in identifying genotypes with specific genes or markers. Liu et al. () studied wild accessions and reported lack of genetic diversity in one-third of the accessions and an isozyme allele called Tj was missing from the by: 1. Utilization of genetic resources and associated traditional knowledge in academic research Swiss Academies Reports, Vol. 11, N. o. 4, 7. Abbreviations and Acronyms. Access and Benefit ABSng/ Shari Access to Genetic Resources and the Fair and Equitable Sharing of .


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Crop exploration and utilization of genetic resources Download PDF EPUB FB2

Description: Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm explores the timely global challenges related to barley production posed by the narrowing of biodiversity and problem soils, identifying elite genotypes which will enhance barley breeding and be essential to genetic and evolution studies.

The book covers the. Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm explores the timely global challenges related to barley production posed by the narrowing of biodiversity and problem soils, identifying elite genotypes which will enhance barley breeding and be essential to genetic and evolution studies.

The book covers the utilization of barley germplasm for improving the quality of both food. The conservation of crop genetic resources is one of the important elements in efforts to sustainably increase agricultural production in low-income countries, and to guarantee long-term food.

Incidentally, most of the desired genes reside in the wild genetic relatives of the crop species. Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food security.

UNESCO – EOLSS SAMPLE CHAPTERS TROPICAL BIOLOGY AND CONSERVATION MANAGEMENT – Vol. III - The Conservation And Utilization Of Crop Genetic Resources In The Tropics - W. Roca, C. Ynouye, C. Espinoza, C, Zorrilla, A. Salas, R. Gómez, A. Panta and I. Manrique ©Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (EOLSS) Cecilia Ynouye is a biologist graduated in from.

A second approach to gain access to genetic resources successful in one country. Year 4 (FY ) Receive 12 plant exploration proposals, fund and complete 10 explorations, acquire germplasm accessions. The approach developed in FY to gain access to Crop exploration and utilization of genetic resources book resources successful in two countries.

The three main sections in the book consider the Ethiopian centre of diversity, germplasm collection and conservation in Ethiopia and the evaluation and utilization of Ethiopian genetic resources.

Merits and Demerits Exploration and Collection of Germplasm Merits: 1. Collection helps in tapping crop genetic diversity and assembling the same at one place. It reduces the loss of genetic due to genetic erosion. Sometimes, we get material of special interest during exploration trips. do not deal here with forest genetic resources, con-servation of, which may be more complex than crop species.

The available literature is reviewed, and some research needs are identified. The extent and distribution of genetic diversity Genetic diversity is usually thought of as the amount of genetic variability among individuals of a variety,File Size: KB.

Genetic and Genomic Resources For Cereals Improvement. is the first book to bring together the latest available genetic resources and genomics to facilitate the identification of specific germplasm, trait mapping, and allele mining that are needed to more effectively develop biotic and abiotic-stress-resistant grains.

As grain cereals, including rice, wheat, maize, barley, sorghum, and. utilization. •Thorough understanding of the phenotypic and genetic variability of a crop and its wild relatives, their adaptation, life forms, breeding systems, traits and biological properties supports PGR conservation activities, and is essential to realize their potential for contribution.

Exploration, Identification and Utilization of Barley Germplasm explores the timely global challenges related to barley production posed by the narrowing of biodiversity and problem soils, identifying elite genotypes which will enhance barley breeding and be essential to genetic and evolution studies.

Genetic erosion became an important issue and led to the F AO/IBP Technical Conference on Exploration, Utilisation and Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources, and the development of a global strategy (FAO, ).

The international institutes funded by the Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) were created, and. Research and development of new crop varieties requires diverse gene pools to draw upon.

The tomato, onion, Brassica, winter squash, celery, artichoke, and asparagus genetic resources managed by the Plant Genetic Resources Unit (PGRU) represent approximately 36% of the combined dollar value of fresh and processing vegetables in the USA.

Plant Genetic Resources and Their Utilization in Crop Improvement Authors: Vikas Gupta, Satish Kumar, Chandra Nath Mishra and Raj Pal Meena Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research, Karnal, Haryana The plant genetic resources (PGR) significantly contributed towards achieving the global objectives of food security, poverty alleviation and sustainable development.

Gene Pool Diversity and Crop Improvement,Volume 1 provides comprehensive and latest insights on the evolutionary genesis of diversity, access and its utilization in the evolution of major crop book focuses on the exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources that are reservoires of desired genetic variability in the assimilation of important crop species for the.

Utilization of plant genetic resources in crop breeding programmes F. Bidinger* Introduction There are a wide variety of ways in which plant genetic resources are used in crop breeding programmes.

These depend upon the problems which the breeder is t&g to solve, the resources at hand to solve them, the reproductive biology of the crop. Crop Science Abstract - PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES Developing a Mini Core of Peanut for Utilization of Genetic Resources View My Binders.

This article in CS. Vol. 42 No. 6, p. Received: Suggested Citation:"An Overview of Genetic Resources Management."National Research Council.

Managing Global Genetic Resources: Agricultural Crop Issues and gton, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: /   Contributions of Wheat Genetic Resources.

Wheat is truly global, being one of the few crops grown over most of the world. It belongs to the genus Triticum, which originated alm years ago in the historic Fertile Crescent, an area in the Middle um arose from the cross (supposedly in nature) of two diploid wild grasses to produce tetraploid wheat, which today includes Cited by:.

Therefore, exploration and characterization of wild genetic resources of important crop species is vital for the efficient utilization of these gene pools for sustainable genetic improvements to assure food : $  Abstract. Chickpea is a prominent grain legume crop providing cheap source of protein to the humankind.

It originated in the Near East from the progenitor species Cicer reticulatum having a narrow distribution and genetic base. Moreover, during the course of domestication chickpea experienced various bottlenecks resulting in still narrow genetic variation in its two major forms ‘Kabuli Author: Deepak Ohri.Plant Genetic Resources is an international journal that brings together the many diverse topics concerned with plant genetic resources.

Each issue gives you access to peer-reviewed research papers on genetic variation in plants, both crop and non-crop, as well as on the technical, socio-economic, legal and geo-political aspects of PGR.